Public Transport Accessibility Levels
Transport for London's (TFL) Public Transport Accessibility Levels (PTALs)
PTALS are a detailed and accurate measure of the accessibility of a point to the public transport network, taking into account walk access time and service availability. The method is essentially a way of measuring the density of the public transport network at any location within Greater London.
Each area is graded between 0 and 6b, where a score of 0 is very poor access to public transport, and 6b is excellent access to public transport.
The current methodology was developed in 1992, by the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. The model has been thoroughly reviewed and tested, and has been agreed by the London Borough-led PTAL development group as the most appropriate for use across London.
The measure therefore reflects:
- Walking time from the point-of interest to the public transport access points;
- The reliability of the service modes available;
- The number of services available within the catchment; and
- The level of service at the public transport access points - i.e. average waiting time.
It does not consider:
- The speed or utility of accessible services;
- Crowding, including the ability to board services; or,
- Ease of interchange.
The PTAL methodology was developed for London where a dense integrated public transport network means that nearly all destinations can be reached within a reasonable amount of time. Research using the ATOS (Access to Opportunities and Services) methodology shows that there is a strong correlation between PTALs and the time taken to reach key services – i.e. high PTAL areas generally have good access to services and low PTAL areas have poor access to services.
6-digit references identify 100m grid squares.
The 2015 files are available to download below. This includes the GIS contour files.
Current PTAL values can be viewed on TfL’s web site.
We also invite you to visit WebCAT: TfL’s Web-based Connectivity Assessment Toolkit. Through an interactive mapping interface users can view for any location in London, PTAL values as well as travel time plots. Associated with the travel time plots users can also select bar charts showing catchment statistics (for example, population, jobs or services) using the same travel time bands as displayed on the map. Watch the video below for more information.
Data & Resources
|Author||Transport for London|
|Maintainer||Opinion Research and General Statistics (GLA) (firstname.lastname@example.org)|
|Licence||Open UK Open Government Licence (OGL v2)|
|Update Frequency||Ad hoc|
|Smallest Geography||100m Grid Squares|