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The Mayor of London The London Assembly

Labour Market

Work-life Balance

Achieving a balance of work and other aspects of life is important for everyone, and individuals’ and families’ needs vary. Flexible working is one way to help achieve this. Workers in London are as likely to have some form of flexible working arrangement as those across the UK as a whole, according to the latest figures. Nearly one in five of all workers in London reported some type of flexible working arrangement in 2019.

However, there is more variation between different population groups. In particular, women are more likely to have flexible working arrangements than men, and the 35-54 year old age group more likely to have flexible working options than younger workers, possibly suggesting that this is may be associated with parenthood.


Working shorter hours is another way of achieving a better balance for some people. Just over  a quarter of all those in employment work part-time in the UK, compared with a little over a fifth in London, though see underemployment. Figures on overemployment show that around ten per cent of workers want to work shorter hours (and to do so for less pay). This rate has also changed little over the last decade.