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Labour Market

London Living Wage (LLW)

Living Wage employers pay all their direct employees and other employees working directly on external contracts, such as security staff, cleaners, catering staff etc, the London Living Wage. The GLA group and an increasing number of employers across London (around 1,700) are Living Wage employers.

The London Living Wage has increased faster than the official inflation measures and general pay rises. The proportion of employees across London earning below this level increased between 2010 and 2015, though it has been more stable over the last few years. Just under 20 per cent of employee jobs in London are paid below the London Living Wage. The figure for 2020 includes some people furloughed under the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme, at a reduced rate of pay, but this also sits alongside job losses which occurred early in the pandemic in the UK.

In the rest of the UK, 20.4 per cent of employee jobs are paid below the UK Living Wage. The UK Living Wage is higher than the National Living Wage, but lower than the London Living Wage and is also sometimes described as the Real Living Wage. As with the London Living Wage, the rate is calculated annually using actual living costs.