Work and life in the Central Activities Zone (CAZ), the northern part of the Isle of Dogs (NIOD) and their fringes
The CAZ had over 125,000 local business units based within it in 2014, generating employment of over 1.8 million. The area produced output worth around £139 billion in 2012 and saw its population increase by 21 per cent between 2001 and 2011 compared to an increase for London as a whole of 14 per cent.
The NIOD had over 4,000 local business units based within it in 2014, generating employment of over 110,000. The area produced output worth around £15 billion in 2012 and the resident population of the area nearly doubled between 2001 and 2011.
Combined and with their adjoining fringe areas they produced output of just over £179 billion in 2012 accounting for nearly 55 per cent of London’s output and just over 12 per cent of UK output.
We also found that the area accounts for around 45 per cent of all London’s jobs, and, as can be seen from the map of the number of employees per sq km, these jobs are squeezed into a relatively small area.
Number of employees per square kilometre in 2013 in the CAZ, NIOD and an approximately 1km fringe around them
Source: Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES)
Certain industries dominate areas of London and the report highlights distinct areas where different types of firms are clustered as can be seen from the following map of clustering by industry employment type.
Clustering by industry employment type in the CAZ, NIOD and an approximately 1km fringe around them
Source: Census and GLA Intelligence Unit analysis
Since the recession, employment has grown quite strongly in London. As seen from the map on the geography of employment changes it shows a general increase in employment in most areas with particularly strong growth in parts of the City, Soho, Bloomsbury and parts of the NIOD but this wasn’t the case everywhere as indicated by the green and blue areas on the map.
The geography of employment changes over 2009 to 2013 in the CAZ, NIOD and an approximately 1km fringe around them
Source: BRES and GLA Intelligence Unit analysis
Despite its importance as a centre of business activity, the CAZ, NIOD and their fringes are also home to a significant number of people. As you can see from the graph on age structure of the resident population, this area has more people in their 20s and 30s living in it than the London average.
Age structure of the resident population in the CAZ, NIOD, their approximately 1km fringes and London (as a percent of the area’s population), 2011
This blog is just a taster of what we looked at in the report with many other things also examined in the area such as the source of commuters, the size of firms, employment projections, the level of deprivation as well as many other aspects of work and life in this geography. If you would like to find out more about it please read our publication which can be found at https://www.london.gov.uk/priorities/business-economy/publications/gla-economics/caz-and-niod
Finally if you want to see more of our papers, you can join our mailing list at the following link: