The Mayor has a general duty to improve the health of all Londoners and a statutory duty to reduce inequalities in health outcomes across the capital. The Mayor doesn't have any responsibilities for health service provision in London but does work in partnership with expert organisations to help reduce London's health inequalities. The Mayor works closely with the NHS and health sector (including Public Health England, NHS England, academic health science centres, hospital trusts, and the London Ambulance Service), boroughs and other organisations to ensure that London is getting the care it needs.
The number of people setting a quit date (with an NHS Stop-Smoking Service) and the number who successfully quit at the 4 week follow-up. Rates are successful quitters per 100,000 aged 16+.
Key point: The rates of successful smoking quitters is steadily increasing in London, and is up 19% since 2008/09 compared with 21% nationally. However, the quit rate in London decreased by 5% over the last year, whilst also falling nationally by 7% (data shown is for quarter 2 of each financial year). The London quit rates are still below the national average (14% lower in Q1), though the gap is closing. The GLA has supported improved training for more than 800 stop smoking service practitioners in London to increase the quit rate of smokers. Further training courses to support an additional 100-200 practitioners have been coming online since early 2013. 19% of adults in London currently smoke, compared with 21% in the UK.
Estimates of subjective well-being from the first annual experimental Annual Population Survey (APS) Subjective Well-being dataset. Data shows life satisfaction, how worthwhile people feel, whether people were happy yesterday, and how anxious people were yesterday.
Key point: London has the lowest life satisfaction at a regional level (7.25), with Inner London (7.22) being slightly less satisfied than outer (7.27). Life satisfaction is about the same in West Midlands (7.27) as London, but is greatest in the South West (7.52) and South East (7.50).
The number of incidents where the ambulance service have attended someone suffering from an alcohol related illness. Focussing on patients under 40 allows broad trends in Binge Drinking to be identified. Older age groups may be more likely to be attended by the ambulance service for longer term alcohol related health issues.
Key point: The highest number of binge drinkers seen by the London Ambulance Service since December 2009 (when the data was first collected) was 3,036 in August 2012. The number of cases in the most recent quarter (Feb-Apr) was 14% higher than the same quarter last year.
Sport England's Active People Survey provides by far the largest sample size ever established for a sport and recreation survey and allows levels of detailed analysis previously unavailable. It identifies how participation varies from place to place and between different groups in the population.
Key point: The proportion of adults in London participating in at least one session of sport each week has decreased from 36.5% in 2011/12 to 36% in 2012/13 (down 0.5 percentage points), and up 1 point since 2005/06. These increases are reported by Sport England as being statistically signficant. The national average has seen similar fluctuations to London over the period, though remains slightly below the London level in 2012/13 at 35.2%.
The National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP) covers children in Reception year (aged 4-5) and Year 6 (aged 10-11) but does not include children in the Independent sector, which is more common in London than other regions. The data is broken down into underweight, healthy weight, overweight and obese children.
Key point: There is a steady increase in overweight and obese children in year 6 (aged 10-11) in line with the national trend, but London has higher proportions than the national average. In adults, obesity is more prevalent nationally than in London.